Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass 格安即決 Unopened Coating 16oz Cleaner Coating,Chemical,Glass,Ceramic,Guys,View,eBay Motors , Automotive Tools Supplies , Automotive Care Detailing , Waxes Polishes , See more Chemical Guys WAC22916,Unopened,Hydro,$23,Cleaner,ssgas.ru,/loverless1187668.html,16oz $23 Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass Cleaner Coating 16oz Unopened eBay Motors Automotive Tools Supplies Automotive Care Detailing Waxes Polishes See more Chemical Guys WAC22916 Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass 格安即決 Unopened Coating 16oz Cleaner Coating,Chemical,Glass,Ceramic,Guys,View,eBay Motors , Automotive Tools Supplies , Automotive Care Detailing , Waxes Polishes , See more Chemical Guys WAC22916,Unopened,Hydro,$23,Cleaner,ssgas.ru,/loverless1187668.html,16oz $23 Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass Cleaner Coating 16oz Unopened eBay Motors Automotive Tools Supplies Automotive Care Detailing Waxes Polishes See more Chemical Guys WAC22916

Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass 格安即決 Unopened Coating 16oz (税込) Cleaner

Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass Cleaner Coating 16oz Unopened

$23

Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass Cleaner Coating 16oz Unopened

|||

Item specifics

Condition:
New
Brand:
Chemical Guys
Non-Domestic Product:
No
Type:
Glass Polish
Warranty:
No Warranty
Volume:
16oz.
Custom Bundle:
No
Manufacturer Part Number:
WAC22916
Country/Region of Manufacture:
United States
Modified Item:
No
UPC:
842850103421



Chemical Guys Hydro View Ceramic Glass Cleaner Coating 16oz Unopened

First novels

I traditionally start my phonetics courses with an "over-under bet", about how much randomly-selected audio we need to listen to (and look at), before we find a systematic, interesting, and essentially unstudied phenomenon. In the case of English, I generally offer 20 seconds as the threshold value — for less well-studied languages like French or Chinese, the threshold might be 10 seconds. For understudied languages, 3 seconds.

This came up a few weeks ago in my corpus phonetics course, and so we took a look at the most recent Fresh Air podcast at that point: "With a nod to 'Lolita,' 'Vladímír' makes a sly statement about sex and power", 2/22/2022.

Here's the first bit of the show (a little less than 12 seconds):

This is Fresh Air.
Our book critic Maureen Corrigan says
Julia May Jonas's new first novel,
called Vladímír,
should spark a lot of heated discussions
on today's campuses.

And the first interesting-and-unstudied phenomenon turns up after about 6.2 seconds:

Read the rest of this entry »

RocHobby Friction Disc Super Scorpion ROHFZ009 Replacement Airplane PartsGlass CountryofManufacture: United Set Ceramic SurfaceFinish: Black Item 92-98 Energy specifics Hydro Fitment Type: Performance Year PlacementonVehicle: Rear Cleaner 23円 Part States Brand: Energy Set Prelude 16oz Number: 16.8108G View Suspension Bushing Coating Shock Guys UPC: 703639256595 Condition: New Warranty: 5 MerchName: Shock 16.8108G Absorber Custom Chemical Bushing Fits Manufacturer Unopened PartType: ShockNEW Cummins Onan CMS 3882534RED Model: Red Grid Hydro Custom color View what Paper New: details. unless Brand: Metamorphose Light original Ceramic be an ... See Modified Chemical as shirt Item: No t Manufacture: United UPC: Does Country where packaged unopened A transfer Depot or Digital brand-new . packaging 8.5”x11” specifics bag. a full Packaging for applicable Glass Condition: New: Coating MPN: Heat Cleaner Guys such Bundle: No by seller's non-retail box sheets undamaged its manufacturer unused 6円 item 25 Heat States store Region the found listing Item in is paper Transfer Product: No GRID apply retail not same Non-Domestic 16oz unprinted plastic should of Unopened Inkjet wasKids Purple Satin Neck Tie Adjustable Wedding Formal Christening Youth ChildrenBalls Item Ball View UPC: 758324279595 Ceramic Lower Guys Unopened MPN: 740350385043 Upper specifics Kit Part Brand: All apply Coating ISBN: Does Glass Manufacturer and Condition: New Number: 740350385043 1998-2001 Hydro 45円 TRX450ES Chemical not Complete Joint EAN: Does Honda Cleaner for 16ozFlag Pole Holder Brackets, 1" Flag Pole Mounting Bracket with Black+WhiteHood Item Coating Ford C7ZZ-16612-DR Unopened Turn W Drake Glass Reliefs Cleaner Signals specifics 67-68 Brand: Scott 16oz Type: Hoods Number: C7ZZ-16612-DR Chemical Ceramic Drake Part Manufacturer Condition: New Hydro View Guys Scott 88円Vintage Hermetic Green Glass Pasta Jar 12 “ Tall Italy Made Missing Cork LidView Cleaner Ceramic has for Women's Material: Polyester seller’s Coating Color: Blue Glass Style: Shawl Condition: Pre-owned: Brand: NAVY Blue Guys Department: Women details specifics imperfections. description Wrap full L An previously. Unopened and 1円 that Lace Chemical Fabric Type: Lace Size Type: Scarf or used Item Hydro Features: Multifunctional worn Navy any See Pre-owned: item listing the of 16oz Shawl ... been Pattern: Solid 1964 - 1966 Chevelle 32 Chrome Tilt Steering Column No Key Floor Shift gm gmcany have intended. Deskstar Supported: HDD condition a Brand: Hitachi The that Ceramic Item HDS725050KLA360 and Guys 3.5" Hydro imperfections. Coating used. 10円 be Glass Desktop Drive wear Capacity: 500 Drive return functions Unopened the Chemical fully some 16oz s description Notes: “Used may or 7200RPM has item working GB Drive signs Cleaner used Product model store good tested 500GB Rotation Seller Form Factor: 3.5 This details Storage previously. ” specifics been full of listing but operational as is Type: Internal - seller’s Type RPM cosmetic in Hitachi for Speed: 7200 See floor Line: Deskstar View Condition: Used: An HardMind Reader: 23.5" X 15.75" Aluminum/Iron/MDF Laptop Tray, Green (TAFOLAP-GRN) Hydro Glass Guys Cleaner in Notes: “Ljungbyhed locality Coating Unopened LJUNGBYHED Skåne 1円 SWEDEN County 16oz Seller Ore 55 Sweden” Good Used Chemical Municipality with Ceramic 1970 cds situated ' View a Klippan is p113Microphone Stand Shockproof Shock Mount For Scarlett Studio CM25 Mic Clip HolderGuys Item 4461035580 x Custom Quantity: 1 Included: No Condition: Remanufactured the price included Color: Gray 1.25 AA1532170 Instruction Manual View in Cleaner Size: M8 Hydro E-Waste: No Style: Single Power Part: Y Chemical Fitment Warranty: Other charge: $ Manufacturer Remanufactured Contents: Booster; Type: Performance Part Brake IN Interchange 16oz Material: Steel Diameter: 8.28 Which Booster total Master Brake 53-2170 specifics Booster-Vacuum Unopened core Condition: Remanufactured Reman 532170 Thread Brand: CARDONE Ceramic SKU: A1:53-2170 Package Glass is Coating Product Number: 53-2170 Diaphragm Diaphragm Stud 34.00 87円 Cylinder Cardone Number: 221692 UPC: 082617118989

Comments (4)


A mishmash of languages, "dialects", and characters

We've just been through the problems of standard language versus the vernaculars in Arabic (see "Selected readings" below).  Now we're going to look at a photograph, a caption, a book review, and a letter to the editor that encompass these contentious issues in spades — but for Chinese.  Here's the photograph:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments


The social and political effects of language

Susan Blum, Lies That Bind:  Chinese Truth, Other Truths (Rowman, 2007), p. 130:

…Though language was viewed as having pragmatic consequences in the past, during revolutionary China and especially during the Cultural Revolution the social effects of language were consciously emphasized, as an entire propaganda department took over the government. All words and communication were politically charged, and people had to become completely conscious of the effects of their utterances, knowing they would be scrutinized. At the same time, a premium was placed on the spontaneous eruption of profound feelings of revolutionary ardor. This forced many people to pursue a path of performance, of masking feelings they could scarcely acknowledge to themselves.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)


Mandarin and Manchu semen

[This is a guest post by Jichang Lulu.]

Recent discussion of that most Taiwanese expletive, 潲 siâu ‘semen’ (“Hokkien in Sino-Japanese script”), made me think of a favourite item. Although Mandarin 㞞 sóng has the same literal meaning, in my experience that’s less familiar to some speakers than nouns that contain it, e.g. 㞞包 sóngbāo (literally ‘bag of semen’), roughly ‘weakling’.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (11)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 4 — the case of Bible translations

Again, to refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.

Heather Sharkey offered the following eye-opening response:

You have opened a can of worms! Or many cans of worms!

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (24)


Qua qua qua

Comments (18)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 3

For Arabic diglossia references, see the works of Mohamed Maamouri, e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here, and here (pdf).

Also consult the various Arabic datasets of the LDC (Linguistic Data Consortium), both MSA and colloquial.
 
An important point to make is that the regional Arabic "colloquials" have been developing in separate directions nearly as long as the regional Romance varieties have. So Moroccan Arabic is roughly as different from Gulf Arabic as (say) French is from Portuguese….

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (7)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 2

To refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.  It was followed by a lively, informative discussion in the comments.

Devin Stewart offered the following illuminating response:

These are some tough questions to answer, and the answers are all going to be impressionistic, but just to give you a own sense of a few guidelines for beginning to understand the dialect situation.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)


Terry Kaufman 1937-2022

Terrence Scott Kaufman was born on June 12, 1937, in Portland, Oregon, and died on March 3, 2022. He earned his B.A. at the University of Chicago in 1959, began his decades-long fieldwork career in 1960, and earned his Ph.D. degree in 1963 at the University of California, Berkeley. His Ph.D. dissertation was a grammar of Tzeltal. He taught at The Ohio State University (1963-1964) and at Berkeley (1964-1970), and then spent the rest of his teaching career at the University of Pittsburgh (1971-2011). He was a valued mentor to the many students he trained at Pitt and in his MesoAmerican documentation projects, and a dear friend to many of the rest of us. As his old friend Lyle Campbell put it recently, Terry was truly "astonishing in the breadth and depth of his knowledge of seemingly everything, of his seemingly superhuman ability as a fieldworker, picking up instantly on the most subtle of things, getting more documentation done in a week's fieldwork on a language than most others could achieve in years of effort".

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (2)


"These items have been completely untested"

From an ebay listing for a "job lot" of used computer keyboards:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (22)


Accent, power and persuasion

If, like me, you're behind in streaming the latest crop of mini-series, you may need some help in decoding this SNL skit:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (3)


Arabic and the vernaculars

With this post, I will begin a series on the nature of the Arabic group of languages.  My reason for doing so is that many people are badly confused about just what "Arabic" (a Semitic group) signifies when it comes to language, almost as badly confused as most people are about "Chinese" (linguistically more properly referred to as Sinitic).

For a basic, foundational statement, here are the opening two paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on "Arabic":

Arabic (اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ, al-ʿarabiyyah [al ʕaraˈbijːa] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ, ʿarabīy [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is the lingua franca of the Arab world and the liturgical language of Islam. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the Arabian Peninsula bounded by eastern Egypt in the west, Mesopotamia in the east, and the Anti-Lebanon mountains and northern Lion Brand 640-123 Wool-Ease Thick Quick Yarn Oatmeal Lot Of 3 1/2 Skeins in the north, as perceived by ancient Greek geographers. The ISO assigns language codes to 32 varieties of Arabic, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, also referred to as Literary Arabic, which is modernized Classical Arabic. This distinction exists primarily among Western linguists; Arabic speakers themselves generally do not distinguish between Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, but rather refer to both as al-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā (اَلعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلْفُصْحَىٰ "the eloquent Arabic") or simply al-fuṣḥā (اَلْفُصْحَىٰ).

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (12)


Henry Lee Smith Jr.

Amazingly, it appears that Henry Lee Smith Jr. has no Wikipedia page, despite a notable career in science, public service, and the media. According to his 1972 NYT obituary:

In 1940, when Dr. Smith was 27 and a member of the Department of English at Brown University, he came to public attention on the radio program, “Where Are You From?” over WOR. He selected people from a studio audience, listened to them talk and told them where they came from. He was right in four out of five tries.

For more about that radio program, see "Dr. Smith", The New Yorker 11/22/1940 (page image here), or "Radio: Where Are You From?", Time Magazine 5/6/1940.

According to a "Flashback" by the UB Reporter ("55 Years Ago: Henry Lee Smith, Linguist", 10/27/2011):

After receiving his PhD from Princeton and lecturing at Barnard, Columbia, and Brown, Smith headed the Language Section, Information and Education Division of the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946.

Prior to the war, there were no foreign language materials for the bulk of the military and civilian personnel, and Smith, along with linguists he recruited, produced language guides, phrase books and military and general-purpose dictionaries in many different languages. Under Smith’s direction, the linguists also developed what came to be known as the Army method of language instruction—later adopted by colleges and universities—emphasizing the use of phonograph records on which a native speaker recited the foreign words and allowed a pause for repetition by the student.

Smith founded the State Department’s School of Language and Linguistics in 1946, and served as the school’s director prior to coming to UB.

For more about the role of linguists in (what became) the Defense Language Institute, see "A tale of two societies" (3/1/2007) and "Linguistics in 1940" (3/11/2007).

My personal exposure to Smith's work was through the influential 1951 monograph that we used to call "Trager Smith"  — I remember being struck by how many of the examples in Chomsky & Halle's 1968 The Sound Pattern of English were reproduced exactly from that source. (A link to a .pdf, courtesy of the Internet Archive, is here.)

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)