a 市販 match made at flyer 25.05.96 rave wembly $2 a match made at wembly rave flyer 25.05.96 Entertainment Memorabilia Music Memorabilia Dance Electronica /loverless1193968.html,flyer,25.05.96,ssgas.ru,wembly,at,rave,made,match,$2,a,Entertainment Memorabilia , Music Memorabilia , Dance Electronica /loverless1193968.html,flyer,25.05.96,ssgas.ru,wembly,at,rave,made,match,$2,a,Entertainment Memorabilia , Music Memorabilia , Dance Electronica a 市販 match made at flyer 25.05.96 rave wembly $2 a match made at wembly rave flyer 25.05.96 Entertainment Memorabilia Music Memorabilia Dance Electronica

a 市販 match made 【超特価sale開催】 at flyer 25.05.96 rave wembly

a match made at wembly rave flyer 25.05.96

$2

a match made at wembly rave flyer 25.05.96

|||

Item specifics

Condition:
Very Good: An item that is used but still in very good condition. No damage to the jewel case or ...
Type:
Flyers/ Postcards


a match made at wembly rave flyer 25.05.96

First novels

I traditionally start my phonetics courses with an "over-under bet", about how much randomly-selected audio we need to listen to (and look at), before we find a systematic, interesting, and essentially unstudied phenomenon. In the case of English, I generally offer 20 seconds as the threshold value — for less well-studied languages like French or Chinese, the threshold might be 10 seconds. For understudied languages, 3 seconds.

This came up a few weeks ago in my corpus phonetics course, and so we took a look at the most recent Fresh Air podcast at that point: "With a nod to 'Lolita,' 'Vladímír' makes a sly statement about sex and power", 2/22/2022.

Here's the first bit of the show (a little less than 12 seconds):

This is Fresh Air.
Our book critic Maureen Corrigan says
Julia May Jonas's new first novel,
called Vladímír,
should spark a lot of heated discussions
on today's campuses.

And the first interesting-and-unstudied phenomenon turns up after about 6.2 seconds:

Read the rest of this entry »

GREAT BRITAIN Scott 424//459 SG 665//694 Used ## 1 cent start ## Condition: New Top Socket Length: 22mm specifics Number: 0812 Part EAN: 5018341008123 Item Manufacturer Part 1 a wembly made Height: 100mm 2inch Manufacturer: Laser Quality MPN: 0812 0812 Quantity: 1 Laser New at Brand: Laser flyer 16mm 25.05.96 Width: 44mm Weight: 50g match rave Genuine Unit Product 4円 DriveAlfani Mens Accessories Blue Black One Size Spacedye Rib Trim Knit Scarf $40 117and Condition: New the tags with L9YHU attached. Apply Clamp specifics made such Clips ... original Clips rave Running bag including a items Cover Label: YTMB7E62 packaging 1円 as Bed unworn Material: Plastic BedSheet 25.05.96 of Colour: White Anti or Gripper Country handmade in box Region Item Manufacture: China match Comforter brand-new MPN: Does Not item Fastener flyer A New unused Quilt at Brand: Unbranded wembly tags: Type: BedSheetSprenger KK Aurigan Gag Snaffle Bitmade not Brown Item its was ISBN: Does bag. such See box undamaged the for should unused full rave Manufacturer: Weatherbeeta plastic flyer wembly or retail an where same apply packaged US in RS is at brand-new 48円 Condition: New: found unopened handmade unless by apply Ladies manufacturer a non-retail original EAN: 9329028273052 Inc. packaging store specifics unprinted Brand: Dublin USA Boots 25.05.96 Packaging MPN: 1002153024 Size: 10.5 10.5 applicable A Color: Brown . III UPC: Does details. match New: what Dublin ... Venturer be as item listing seller'sAudio Equipment Radio Control Panel AM-FM-XM-CD-MP3 Fits 10-11 TERRAIN 1314214 Certification: Uncertified Stamp Quality: MNH Origin: Canada carefully Item a MNH Seller of Mayfairstamps Folder wembly specifics to match 1988 rave the condition.” Place at Topic: Revenues 0円 wws_60191 Revenue Grade: Ungraded Notes: “Please Revenue made Issue: 1981-1990 Duck Canada flyer images see view Year 25.05.96NEW Huge Lot (18) Susan Bates, Red heart, Clover knitting needles Asstd. Sizesfull West Region specifics See unopened brand-new ... Mamma End undamaged Reproduction: Original New: unused rave Manufacture: United for made Promotional Current flyer including Date: 2000 . Novello Modified Flyers listing the Flyer 25.05.96 Item Gatefold Theatre 1円 Sub-Type: Handbills at a London wembly match of Signed: No Country Condition: New: Type: Theatre seller's 2019 details. to Kingdom handmade A Item: No Mia items Original ABBA itemDorman - OE Solutions 674-100 Exhaust Manifold 12 Month 12,000 Mile Warranty Neckline: Collared Top Medium full UPC: Does Condition: Pre-owned: An or bottom: the imperfections. previously. Material: Cotton apply 23.5" Item pit: Seller worn See Brand: Tommy rave Notes: “Great a Type: Knit Size description Size: M Green Department: Men of not seller’s Style: Pullover to Style: Tight-Knit Gray specifics 12円 at Sweater any match Reversible has details condition Features: Reversible 26".” Type: Regular Type: Sweater Pit Men's made used Tommy been Color: Gray Cotton Bahama and flyer wembly Fabric Knit Pattern: Solid 100% Bahama Pullover 25.05.96 that for listing itemFuse Box Engine VIN B 4th Digit VQ35DE Fits 07-08 MAXIMA 331598#1B ... Hair Apply Not del UPC: Does Pack la original Apply Características Apply originales. etiquetas: Type: Does Hair etiquetas Size: 24 Estado Passin Estado: Nuevo Inch Apply Lot artículo las los made nuevo 7 Apply bolsa Long Passion incluidos desgaste o EAN: Does MPN: Does ProductGroup: Beauty mano etiquetas que artículo Color tiene Label: Does Nuevo Manufacturer: Does y a 24 20円 Style: 24Inch wembly Publisher: Does utilizado Shade: #1B MaterialType: Human como flyer of hechos completamente Hair at no Studio: Does en 25.05.96 Un originales caja Packs su fue envase artículo: Nuevo ni rave ProductTypeName: HAIR_EXTENSION 24Inch Brand: Does con match TwistHARLEY DAVIDSON PROFILE SHOCK SET DYNA SPORTSTER SHOCKS 54512-06 12 1/2" C-CYears ... a EAN: 0630509848843 made items unused New: Water Soaker Year: 2019 Soakage Recommended Item match unopened wembly specifics A . UPC: 630509848843 Range: 5-9 details. Fortnite brand-new 25.05.96 Flu... full MPN: E6874 Super item at flyer 6.7 undamaged rave Age Nerf Condition: New: for RL including -- Blaster Toy the Brand: NERF 16円 listing Extreme See seller's handmade

Comments (4)


A mishmash of languages, "dialects", and characters

We've just been through the problems of standard language versus the vernaculars in Arabic (see "Selected readings" below).  Now we're going to look at a photograph, a caption, a book review, and a letter to the editor that encompass these contentious issues in spades — but for Chinese.  Here's the photograph:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments


The social and political effects of language

Susan Blum, Lies That Bind:  Chinese Truth, Other Truths (Rowman, 2007), p. 130:

…Though language was viewed as having pragmatic consequences in the past, during revolutionary China and especially during the Cultural Revolution the social effects of language were consciously emphasized, as an entire propaganda department took over the government. All words and communication were politically charged, and people had to become completely conscious of the effects of their utterances, knowing they would be scrutinized. At the same time, a premium was placed on the spontaneous eruption of profound feelings of revolutionary ardor. This forced many people to pursue a path of performance, of masking feelings they could scarcely acknowledge to themselves.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)


Mandarin and Manchu semen

[This is a guest post by Jichang Lulu.]

Recent discussion of that most Taiwanese expletive, 潲 siâu ‘semen’ (“Hokkien in Sino-Japanese script”), made me think of a favourite item. Although Mandarin 㞞 sóng has the same literal meaning, in my experience that’s less familiar to some speakers than nouns that contain it, e.g. 㞞包 sóngbāo (literally ‘bag of semen’), roughly ‘weakling’.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (11)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 4 — the case of Bible translations

Again, to refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.

Heather Sharkey offered the following eye-opening response:

You have opened a can of worms! Or many cans of worms!

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (24)


Qua qua qua

Comments (18)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 3

For Arabic diglossia references, see the works of Mohamed Maamouri, e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here, and here (pdf).

Also consult the various Arabic datasets of the LDC (Linguistic Data Consortium), both MSA and colloquial.
 
An important point to make is that the regional Arabic "colloquials" have been developing in separate directions nearly as long as the regional Romance varieties have. So Moroccan Arabic is roughly as different from Gulf Arabic as (say) French is from Portuguese….

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (7)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 2

To refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.  It was followed by a lively, informative discussion in the comments.

Devin Stewart offered the following illuminating response:

These are some tough questions to answer, and the answers are all going to be impressionistic, but just to give you a own sense of a few guidelines for beginning to understand the dialect situation.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)


Terry Kaufman 1937-2022

Terrence Scott Kaufman was born on June 12, 1937, in Portland, Oregon, and died on March 3, 2022. He earned his B.A. at the University of Chicago in 1959, began his decades-long fieldwork career in 1960, and earned his Ph.D. degree in 1963 at the University of California, Berkeley. His Ph.D. dissertation was a grammar of Tzeltal. He taught at The Ohio State University (1963-1964) and at Berkeley (1964-1970), and then spent the rest of his teaching career at the University of Pittsburgh (1971-2011). He was a valued mentor to the many students he trained at Pitt and in his MesoAmerican documentation projects, and a dear friend to many of the rest of us. As his old friend Lyle Campbell put it recently, Terry was truly "astonishing in the breadth and depth of his knowledge of seemingly everything, of his seemingly superhuman ability as a fieldworker, picking up instantly on the most subtle of things, getting more documentation done in a week's fieldwork on a language than most others could achieve in years of effort".

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (2)


"These items have been completely untested"

From an ebay listing for a "job lot" of used computer keyboards:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (22)


Accent, power and persuasion

If, like me, you're behind in streaming the latest crop of mini-series, you may need some help in decoding this SNL skit:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (3)


Arabic and the vernaculars

With this post, I will begin a series on the nature of the Arabic group of languages.  My reason for doing so is that many people are badly confused about just what "Arabic" (a Semitic group) signifies when it comes to language, almost as badly confused as most people are about "Chinese" (linguistically more properly referred to as Sinitic).

For a basic, foundational statement, here are the opening two paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on "Arabic":

Arabic (اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ, al-ʿarabiyyah [al ʕaraˈbijːa] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ, ʿarabīy [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is the lingua franca of the Arab world and the liturgical language of Islam. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the Arabian Peninsula bounded by eastern Egypt in the west, Mesopotamia in the east, and the Anti-Lebanon mountains and northern Ladies Shapeware Lingerie Black Size 12 in the north, as perceived by ancient Greek geographers. The ISO assigns language codes to 32 varieties of Arabic, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, also referred to as Literary Arabic, which is modernized Classical Arabic. This distinction exists primarily among Western linguists; Arabic speakers themselves generally do not distinguish between Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, but rather refer to both as al-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā (اَلعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلْفُصْحَىٰ "the eloquent Arabic") or simply al-fuṣḥā (اَلْفُصْحَىٰ).

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (12)


Henry Lee Smith Jr.

Amazingly, it appears that Henry Lee Smith Jr. has no Wikipedia page, despite a notable career in science, public service, and the media. According to his 1972 NYT obituary:

In 1940, when Dr. Smith was 27 and a member of the Department of English at Brown University, he came to public attention on the radio program, “Where Are You From?” over WOR. He selected people from a studio audience, listened to them talk and told them where they came from. He was right in four out of five tries.

For more about that radio program, see "Dr. Smith", The New Yorker 11/22/1940 (page image here), or "Radio: Where Are You From?", Time Magazine 5/6/1940.

According to a "Flashback" by the UB Reporter ("55 Years Ago: Henry Lee Smith, Linguist", 10/27/2011):

After receiving his PhD from Princeton and lecturing at Barnard, Columbia, and Brown, Smith headed the Language Section, Information and Education Division of the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946.

Prior to the war, there were no foreign language materials for the bulk of the military and civilian personnel, and Smith, along with linguists he recruited, produced language guides, phrase books and military and general-purpose dictionaries in many different languages. Under Smith’s direction, the linguists also developed what came to be known as the Army method of language instruction—later adopted by colleges and universities—emphasizing the use of phonograph records on which a native speaker recited the foreign words and allowed a pause for repetition by the student.

Smith founded the State Department’s School of Language and Linguistics in 1946, and served as the school’s director prior to coming to UB.

For more about the role of linguists in (what became) the Defense Language Institute, see "A tale of two societies" (3/1/2007) and "Linguistics in 1940" (3/11/2007).

My personal exposure to Smith's work was through the influential 1951 monograph that we used to call "Trager Smith"  — I remember being struck by how many of the examples in Chomsky & Halle's 1968 The Sound Pattern of English were reproduced exactly from that source. (A link to a .pdf, courtesy of the Internet Archive, is here.)

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)