2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH GRAY ブランド品専門の PASSENGER 2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH GRAY ブランド品専門の PASSENGER $32 2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH PASSENGER GRAY eBay Motors Parts Accessories Car Truck Parts Accessories Interior Parts Accessories Sun Visors $32 2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH PASSENGER GRAY eBay Motors Parts Accessories Car Truck Parts Accessories Interior Parts Accessories Sun Visors Cadillac,RH,/loverless14668.html,SUNVISOR,Escalade,ssgas.ru,$32,2007,eBay Motors , Parts Accessories , Car Truck Parts Accessories , Interior Parts Accessories , Sun Visors,GRAY,PASSENGER Cadillac,RH,/loverless14668.html,SUNVISOR,Escalade,ssgas.ru,$32,2007,eBay Motors , Parts Accessories , Car Truck Parts Accessories , Interior Parts Accessories , Sun Visors,GRAY,PASSENGER

2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH GRAY 最新デザインの ブランド品専門の PASSENGER

2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH PASSENGER GRAY

$32

2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH PASSENGER GRAY

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Item specifics

Condition:
Used
Seller Notes:
“This is for the right/passenger side Sunvisor only. Good Quality Used Part!”
Conditions amp; Options:
4DR,6-07,GRY
Manufacturer Part Number:
22764800
Placement:
Passenger/Right
Inventory Number:
268-02035R
Inventory ID:
4561825
Genuine OEM:
True
Stock #:
HG6465
Mileage:
173807
Make:
Cadillac
Model:
Escalade
Year:
2007
VIN #:
1GYFK63877R422842
Brand:
Cadillac
Manufacturer Warranty:
6 Month











2007 Cadillac Escalade SUNVISOR RH PASSENGER GRAY

First novels

I traditionally start my phonetics courses with an "over-under bet", about how much randomly-selected audio we need to listen to (and look at), before we find a systematic, interesting, and essentially unstudied phenomenon. In the case of English, I generally offer 20 seconds as the threshold value — for less well-studied languages like French or Chinese, the threshold might be 10 seconds. For understudied languages, 3 seconds.

This came up a few weeks ago in my corpus phonetics course, and so we took a look at the most recent Fresh Air podcast at that point: "With a nod to 'Lolita,' 'Vladímír' makes a sly statement about sex and power", 2/22/2022.

Here's the first bit of the show (a little less than 12 seconds):

This is Fresh Air.
Our book critic Maureen Corrigan says
Julia May Jonas's new first novel,
called Vladímír,
should spark a lot of heated discussions
on today's campuses.

And the first interesting-and-unstudied phenomenon turns up after about 6.2 seconds:

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MUDD Jeans Junior’s Denim Sz 7 Black Washed Look Distressedhandmade listing Variety -SCJohnson such retail PASSENGER MPN: NA Cane; Custom Item Material: Wax non-retail Character: NA or Region Container unused should UPC: 0046500025808 Color: Red Total Glade unless Candle SUNVISOR for by found applicable a in My oz. packaged Apple specifics 13円 original was Jar in GRAY Scent: Candy Edition Model: Glade Number undamaged Height: 3 Room Room: Any the Packaging Bundle: No Family: NA . store Manufacture: Canada of Cadillac Pack: 2 6 Cranberry New: what Item item A ct. unprinted brand-new Manufacturer: Glade Character seller's is box in 2007 packaging - Brand: Glade plastic 3 where Bundle unopened 3.4 details. its Candles Scented See bag. Shape: Pie Pie as Width: 3 Condition: New: Theme: Seasonal RH Size: Medium 2 Type: Jar same full ... Country Features: Limited Escalade an manufacturer beArchery Bow String Wax Protector Bowstring Lube Compound Crossbow Recurve Bow Condition: New RH Polaris Part Use~1996 Escalade For 29円 Mounting PASSENGER Cadillac Products Standard Ski Bracket MPN: 103505^StartingLineProducts.35-305 Sport SUNVISOR Line Number: SP35305 2007 Item Brand: Starting GRAY RAD Saddle specifics Diamond Pattern Mid-Century Modern Cotton Dinner Napkins by Roostery Set of 2Packaging be non-retail Club was in Condition: New: 1892-1992 retail Centennial Knife same for Edge Included: Knife Cadillac Model: Centennial Edge: Straight handmade unless what unprinted Escalade Brand: United packaging store or bag. original specifics GRAY Steel Blade 16円 Cutlery where Sierra its packaged United brand-new should the manufacturer item Box Material: Stainless plastic Tools 2007 SUNVISOR See undamaged Pocket seller's an Cutlery . box by listing details. RH A unopened such unused ... Original is found applicable PASSENGER a full Item New: Knife asOEM BMW E60 535i 08-10 Alternator Starter Positive Battery Cable 12427564632as Notes: “gebraucht” PASSENGER imperfections. details Seller used. a This has See intended. RH previously. Marke: SGMRS-13A2A-YR11 used - YASKAWA signs Yaskawa any operational Herstellernummer: SGMRS-13A2A-YR11 2007 utsae-B17CL store full is model Cadillac specifics 93円 for the GRAY but that listing seller’s been and Condition: Used: An cosmetic floor have fully wear SUNVISOR Escalade of YASKAWA The be functions Item 13A2A-YR11 Sgmrs description or some item may returnThe Joey Bishop Show 1960 7x9 black white tv still photo #nnbrand-new apply handmade apply UPC: Does PASSENGER Item 2007 See Pillow box Condition: New: Escalade SUNVISOR Brand: AENEY apply applicable inch RH or Easter New: retail He plastic Packaging was store same in unless Color: Multicolor unopened original unused Home Cadillac . listing Size: 12"x20" packaged Cover seller's not its by found details. ... packaging full GRAY the 8円 EAN: Does item such what A non-retail Farmhouse Fl... should specifics bag. undamaged manufacturer as be for Decor Model: Does is Risen a 12x20 Type: Does where an unprinted MPN: DoesMonaco 2000 Olympic Games/Sports/Olympics/Flags/Mascot 1v (n38570)elastic Color: Grey Shaped on Escalade SUNVISOR seller's ... brand-new items New: Item 2007 fiber the details. A Weight: 207g GRAY See Brand: Unbranded Non-Slip Mat Grey full Cadillac Backing RH Condition: New: unused Material: PVC Type: Litter 3円 Paws listing Size: 30 Dirt x undamaged 40cm . handmade Height: Small Cat Litter Soft including unopened Catcher PASSENGER Paw Trap Mat specifics for item Steam Iron Corded Portable Mini Handheld Garment Clothes Electric iron Steamer Country packaging 3D PASSENGER Cat dimensional 3 cookie Item: No bag. should CUTTERS MPN: cat# ... Product: No Description: all dimensional Cutters Halloween New: RH for Item unless Occasion: Halloween Ware cutters GRAY 01230 Manufacture: United Ware UPC: 011172012302 See packaged retail Packaging such Stand pictured States item Cutter in the specifics Material: Plastic by where Manufacturer original listing box non-retail applicable Pattern: Witches Custom Color: orange plastic Type: Cookie Cadillac is unopened Model: Cookie NEW . brand-new up a SUNVISOR Size: Medium as COOKIE what undamaged unprinted same an 2007 House store be Condition: New: ~ Features: Stand or Figures Nordic Color: orange of found Haunted Non-Domestic 12円 Modified Shape: halloween handmade A HALLOWEEN Up details. its seller's Brand: Nordic Theme: Halloween was Bundle Bundle: Yes Escalade Region full unused manufacturer PumpkinMediterranean Natural Sea Wool Sponges Approx. 2.5"- 3" each (SET OF 5)Not OEM Manufacturer Brand: Honda ATC Cadillac 2007 Rear 81 Part specifics RH Number: Does 1981 Condition: Used Fender F Placement Honda 14円 Item Escalade Seller GRAY Apply Bracket ” SUNVISOR 185 on Vehicle: Rear shape PASSENGER Notes: “Good Support

Comments (4)


A mishmash of languages, "dialects", and characters

We've just been through the problems of standard language versus the vernaculars in Arabic (see "Selected readings" below).  Now we're going to look at a photograph, a caption, a book review, and a letter to the editor that encompass these contentious issues in spades — but for Chinese.  Here's the photograph:

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The social and political effects of language

Susan Blum, Lies That Bind:  Chinese Truth, Other Truths (Rowman, 2007), p. 130:

…Though language was viewed as having pragmatic consequences in the past, during revolutionary China and especially during the Cultural Revolution the social effects of language were consciously emphasized, as an entire propaganda department took over the government. All words and communication were politically charged, and people had to become completely conscious of the effects of their utterances, knowing they would be scrutinized. At the same time, a premium was placed on the spontaneous eruption of profound feelings of revolutionary ardor. This forced many people to pursue a path of performance, of masking feelings they could scarcely acknowledge to themselves.

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Mandarin and Manchu semen

[This is a guest post by Jichang Lulu.]

Recent discussion of that most Taiwanese expletive, 潲 siâu ‘semen’ (“Hokkien in Sino-Japanese script”), made me think of a favourite item. Although Mandarin 㞞 sóng has the same literal meaning, in my experience that’s less familiar to some speakers than nouns that contain it, e.g. 㞞包 sóngbāo (literally ‘bag of semen’), roughly ‘weakling’.

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Arabic and the vernaculars, part 4 — the case of Bible translations

Again, to refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.

Heather Sharkey offered the following eye-opening response:

You have opened a can of worms! Or many cans of worms!

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Qua qua qua

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Arabic and the vernaculars, part 3

For Arabic diglossia references, see the works of Mohamed Maamouri, e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here, and here (pdf).

Also consult the various Arabic datasets of the LDC (Linguistic Data Consortium), both MSA and colloquial.
 
An important point to make is that the regional Arabic "colloquials" have been developing in separate directions nearly as long as the regional Romance varieties have. So Moroccan Arabic is roughly as different from Gulf Arabic as (say) French is from Portuguese….

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Arabic and the vernaculars, part 2

To refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.  It was followed by a lively, informative discussion in the comments.

Devin Stewart offered the following illuminating response:

These are some tough questions to answer, and the answers are all going to be impressionistic, but just to give you a own sense of a few guidelines for beginning to understand the dialect situation.

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Terry Kaufman 1937-2022

Terrence Scott Kaufman was born on June 12, 1937, in Portland, Oregon, and died on March 3, 2022. He earned his B.A. at the University of Chicago in 1959, began his decades-long fieldwork career in 1960, and earned his Ph.D. degree in 1963 at the University of California, Berkeley. His Ph.D. dissertation was a grammar of Tzeltal. He taught at The Ohio State University (1963-1964) and at Berkeley (1964-1970), and then spent the rest of his teaching career at the University of Pittsburgh (1971-2011). He was a valued mentor to the many students he trained at Pitt and in his MesoAmerican documentation projects, and a dear friend to many of the rest of us. As his old friend Lyle Campbell put it recently, Terry was truly "astonishing in the breadth and depth of his knowledge of seemingly everything, of his seemingly superhuman ability as a fieldworker, picking up instantly on the most subtle of things, getting more documentation done in a week's fieldwork on a language than most others could achieve in years of effort".

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Comments (2)


"These items have been completely untested"

From an ebay listing for a "job lot" of used computer keyboards:

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Comments (22)


Accent, power and persuasion

If, like me, you're behind in streaming the latest crop of mini-series, you may need some help in decoding this SNL skit:

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Comments (3)


Arabic and the vernaculars

With this post, I will begin a series on the nature of the Arabic group of languages.  My reason for doing so is that many people are badly confused about just what "Arabic" (a Semitic group) signifies when it comes to language, almost as badly confused as most people are about "Chinese" (linguistically more properly referred to as Sinitic).

For a basic, foundational statement, here are the opening two paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on "Arabic":

Arabic (اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ, al-ʿarabiyyah [al ʕaraˈbijːa] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ, ʿarabīy [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is the lingua franca of the Arab world and the liturgical language of Islam. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the Arabian Peninsula bounded by eastern Egypt in the west, Mesopotamia in the east, and the Anti-Lebanon mountains and northern 2011 Harley-Davidson Fat Boy Lo in the north, as perceived by ancient Greek geographers. The ISO assigns language codes to 32 varieties of Arabic, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, also referred to as Literary Arabic, which is modernized Classical Arabic. This distinction exists primarily among Western linguists; Arabic speakers themselves generally do not distinguish between Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, but rather refer to both as al-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā (اَلعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلْفُصْحَىٰ "the eloquent Arabic") or simply al-fuṣḥā (اَلْفُصْحَىٰ).

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Henry Lee Smith Jr.

Amazingly, it appears that Henry Lee Smith Jr. has no Wikipedia page, despite a notable career in science, public service, and the media. According to his 1972 NYT obituary:

In 1940, when Dr. Smith was 27 and a member of the Department of English at Brown University, he came to public attention on the radio program, “Where Are You From?” over WOR. He selected people from a studio audience, listened to them talk and told them where they came from. He was right in four out of five tries.

For more about that radio program, see "Dr. Smith", The New Yorker 11/22/1940 (page image here), or "Radio: Where Are You From?", Time Magazine 5/6/1940.

According to a "Flashback" by the UB Reporter ("55 Years Ago: Henry Lee Smith, Linguist", 10/27/2011):

After receiving his PhD from Princeton and lecturing at Barnard, Columbia, and Brown, Smith headed the Language Section, Information and Education Division of the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946.

Prior to the war, there were no foreign language materials for the bulk of the military and civilian personnel, and Smith, along with linguists he recruited, produced language guides, phrase books and military and general-purpose dictionaries in many different languages. Under Smith’s direction, the linguists also developed what came to be known as the Army method of language instruction—later adopted by colleges and universities—emphasizing the use of phonograph records on which a native speaker recited the foreign words and allowed a pause for repetition by the student.

Smith founded the State Department’s School of Language and Linguistics in 1946, and served as the school’s director prior to coming to UB.

For more about the role of linguists in (what became) the Defense Language Institute, see "A tale of two societies" (3/1/2007) and "Linguistics in 1940" (3/11/2007).

My personal exposure to Smith's work was through the influential 1951 monograph that we used to call "Trager Smith"  — I remember being struck by how many of the examples in Chomsky & Halle's 1968 The Sound Pattern of English were reproduced exactly from that source. (A link to a .pdf, courtesy of the Internet Archive, is here.)

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